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Oregon Yellowstone Wildflower of the Week #2

Posted by Wendell Wood at May 26, 2010 10:05 AM |
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Spotlight on one of the special plants that make the Siskiyou Wild River's flora so unique.

Oregon Yellowstone Wildflower of the Week #2

Photo by Wendell Wood

The Siskiyou Wild Rivers area in southwestern Oregon is one of the few regions in the lower 48 with such extraordinary biodiversity.  Oregon's Yellowstone hosts 1,400 known plant species-over 100 of which are found nowhere else on Earth.  Here's another taste of what the region offers...

Castilleja hispida ssp. brevilobata:  Short-lobed Indian Paintbrush

Short-lobed Indian Paintbrush Castilleja hispida ssp. brevilobata (or now called Castilleja brevilobata) is an uncommon paintbrush found in the Klamath-Siskiyou Range of southwest Oregon, northwestern California.  

This “hemi-parasitic” paintbrush is quite variable, and more often is red in color.  This pale yellow flowered plant was photographed above Rough and Ready Creek within the proposed south Kalmiopsis Wilderness additions on May 16, 2010. 

Also, you might look closely at the stigmas (very top of the flower’s individual pistils) and see that they are slightly 2-lobed.  Short-lobed Indian Paintbrush—in reference to the short upper, lateral leaves, and not the tiny stigma lobes—is also included on the Oregon Natural Heritage Information Center’s sensitive species’ “watch list.”  

Finally, the dull green, bristle-tipped leaved plant in the lower right-hand corner of the above photo is Berberis pumila, or Pygmy Oregon Grape (another Klamath-Siskiyou endemic species).

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